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Full-year 2014 adjusted diluted EPS rose 23% to C$3.76 (1)

2014 freight volumes were a CN record

MONTREAL, Jan. 27, 2015 /CNW/ - CN (TSX: CNR) (NYSE: CNI) today reported its financial and operating results for the fourth quarter and year ended Dec. 31, 2014.

Fourth-quarter and full-year 2014 financial highlights

  • Fourth-quarter 2014 net income was C$844 million versus net income of C$635 million for the same period of 2013.
  • Q4-2014 diluted earnings per share (EPS) increased 36 per cent to C$1.03 from diluted EPS of C$0.76 for the final quarter of 2013.
  • Full-year 2014 net income was C$3,167 million, or C$3.85 per diluted share, compared with net income of C$2,612 million, or C$3.09 per diluted share, for 2013.
  • Full-year 2014 adjusted diluted EPS increased 23 per cent to C$3.76, with adjusted 2014 net income of C$3,095 million versus adjusted net income of C$2,582 million in 2013. (1)
  • Full-year 2014 volumes reached record levels, with carloadings up eight per cent and revenue ton-miles up 10 per cent.
  • Q4-2014 operating income increased 30 per cent to C$1,260 million, and full-year 2014 operating income rose 19 per cent to C$4,624 million.
  • The fourth-quarter 2014 operating ratio improved by 4.1 points to 60.7 per cent; the full-year 2014 operating ratio improved by 1.5 points to 61.9 per cent.
  • 2014 free cash flow totalled C$2,220 million, compared with free cash flow of C$1,623 million for 2013. (1)

Claude Mongeau, president and chief executive officer, said: "CN delivered a strong fourth-quarter 2014 performance, concluding a remarkable year characterized by brutal first-quarter winter weather, followed by a strong rebound starting in March, and capped by record full-year freight volumes. We're particularly proud of our solid operating performance that allowed us to move record volumes of Western Canadian grain and equally strong U.S. grain shipments.

"Our agenda of Operational and Service Excellence is clearly working. This momentum is helping us to grow CN's business faster than the overall economy and to do so at low incremental cost. This will provide us with a strong foundation for 2015, a year in which we see continued opportunities for growth in energy-related commodities, intermodal traffic, and commodities tied to U.S. housing construction, automotive sales and other consumer spending."

Positive 2015 outlook, increased dividend (2)
Mongeau said: "CN is optimistic about its future prospects. The Company is aiming to deliver double-digit EPS growth in 2015 over adjusted diluted 2014 EPS of C$3.76. In addition, CN plans to increase its capital spending by roughly C$300 million for a total 2015 investment of approximately C$2.6 billion.

"Given CN's strong balance sheet and its solid outlook for earnings and free cash flow generation, I am pleased to announce that the Company's Board of Directors has approved a 25 per cent increase in CN's 2015 quarterly common-share dividend. CN has increased its dividend per share by 17 per cent per year on average since its privatization in 1995."

Full-year 2014 revenues, traffic volumes and expenses
2014 revenues increased 15 per cent to C$12,134 million. Revenues increased for petroleum and chemicals (21 per cent), grain and fertilizers (21 per cent), metals and minerals (20 per cent), intermodal (13 per cent), automotive (12 per cent), forest products (seven per cent), and coal (four per cent).

The rise in total revenues was mainly attributable to higher freight volumes due to a record 2013/2014 Canadian grain crop, strong energy markets, particularly crude oil and frac sand, new intermodal and automotive business; the positive translation impact of the weaker Canadian dollar on U.S.-dollar-denominated revenues; and freight rate increases.

Carloadings for 2014 increased eight per cent over 2013 to 5,625 thousand.

Revenue ton-miles, measuring the relative weight and distance of rail freight transported by CN, increased by 10 per cent in 2014 over 2013. Rail freight revenue per revenue ton-mile, a measurement of yield defined as revenue earned on the movement of a ton of freight over one mile, increased by four per cent in 2014 over the previous year.

Operating expenses for 2014 increased by 12 per cent to C$7,510 million, mainly due to the negative translation impact of a weaker Canadian dollar on U.S.-dollar-denominated expenses, increased purchased services and material expense, higher fuel costs, as well as increased labor and fringe benefits expense.

The operating ratio was 61.9 per cent in 2014, an improvement of 1.5 points over the 2013 operating ratio of 63.4 per cent.

Foreign currency impact on results
Although CN reports its earnings in Canadian dollars, a large portion of its revenues and expenses is denominated in U.S. dollars. As such, the Company's results are affected by exchange-rate fluctuations. On a constant currency basis that excludes the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, CN's net income for the fourth quarter and year ended Dec. 31, 2014, would have been lower by C$45 million, or C$0.06 per diluted share and C$121 million, or C$0.15 per diluted share, respectively. (1)

Forward-Looking Statements
Certain information included in this news release constitutes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and under Canadian securities laws. CN cautions that, by their nature, these forward-looking statements involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. The Company cautions that its assumptions may not materialize and that current economic conditions render such assumptions, although reasonable at the time they were made, subject to greater uncertainty. Such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results or performance of the Company or the rail industry to be materially different from the outlook or any future results or performance implied by such statements. To the extent that CN has provided non-GAAP financial measures in its outlook, the Company may not be able to provide a reconciliation to the GAAP measures, due to unknown variables and uncertainty related to future results. Key assumptions used in determining forward-looking information are set forth below.

2015 key assumptions
CN has made a number of economic and market assumptions in preparing its 2015 outlook. The Company is forecasting that North American industrial production for the year will increase in the range of three to four per cent, that U.S. housing starts will be in the range of 1.2 million units, and that U.S. motor vehicles sales will be approximately 16.7 million units. The 2014/2015 Canadian grain crop represented a significant reduction toward the historical trend line while the U.S. grain crop was above trend. CN assumes that  the 2015/2016 grain crops in both Canada and the United States will be in line with trend yields. CN also assumes its 2015 customer shipments of energy-related commodities, namely crude oil and frac sand, will grow by approximately 75,000 carloads versus 2014. With these assumptions, CN assumes total carload growth for all freight categories will be in the three to four per cent range, along with continued pricing improvement above inflation. CN also assumes that in 2015 the value of the Canadian dollar in U.S. currency will be in the range of $0.80 to $0.85, and that the average price of crude oil (West Texas Intermediate) will fluctuate around US$50 per barrel. In 2015, CN plans to invest approximately C$2.6 billion in its capital programs, of which approximately C$1.3 billion is targeted toward maintaining the safety and integrity of the network, particularly track infrastructure. The capital program also includes funds for projects supporting growth and productivity.

Important risk factors that could affect the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the effects of general economic and business conditions, industry competition, inflation, currency and interest rate fluctuations, changes in fuel prices, legislative and/or regulatory developments, compliance with environmental laws and regulations, actions by regulators, various events which could disrupt operations, including natural events such as severe weather, droughts, floods and earthquakes, labor negotiations and disruptions, environmental claims, uncertainties of investigations, proceedings or other types of claims and litigation, risks and liabilities arising from derailments, and other risks detailed from time to time in reports filed by CN with securities regulators in Canada and the United States. Reference should be made to "Management's Discussion and Analysis" in CN's annual and interim reports, Annual Information Form and Form 40-F filed with Canadian and U.S. securities regulators, available on CN's website, for a summary of major risk factors.

CN assumes no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect future events, changes in circumstances, or changes in beliefs, unless required by applicable Canadian securities laws. In the event CN does update any forward-looking statement, no inference should be made that CN will make additional updates with respect to that statement, related matters, or any other forward-looking statement.

  1. See discussion and reconciliation of non-GAAP adjusted performance measures in the attached supplementary schedule, Non-GAAP Measures.
  2. See Forward-Looking statements for a summary of the key assumptions and risks regarding CN's 2015 outlook.

CN is a true backbone of the economy, transporting approximately C$250 billion worth of goods annually for a wide range of business sectors, ranging from resource products to manufactured products to consumer goods, across a rail network spanning Canada and mid-America. CN - Canadian National Railway Company, along with its operating railway subsidiaries -- serves the cities and ports of Vancouver, Prince Rupert, B.C., Montreal, Halifax, New Orleans, and Mobile, Ala., and the metropolitan areas of Toronto, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Calgary, Chicago, Memphis, Detroit, Duluth, Minn./Superior, Wis., and Jackson, Miss., with connections to all points in North America. For more information on CN, visit the company's website at www.cn.ca.

                       
Consolidated Statement of Income - unaudited                      
                       
  Three months ended   Year ended
  December 31   December 31
In millions, except per share data   2014      2013      2014      2013 
Revenues $ 3,207    $ 2,745    $ 12,134    $ 10,575 
                       
Operating expenses                      
Labor and fringe benefits   592      594      2,319      2,182 
Purchased services and material   442      364      1,598      1,351 
Fuel   448      422      1,846      1,619 
Depreciation and amortization   279      254      1,050      980 
Equipment rents   85      71      329      275 
Casualty and other   101      73      368      295 
Total operating expenses   1,947      1,778      7,510      6,702 
Operating income   1,260      967      4,624      3,873 
Interest expense   (94)     (91)     (371)     (357)
Other income (loss)   13      (2)     107      73 
Income before income taxes   1,179      874      4,360      3,589 
Income tax expense   (335)     (239)     (1,193)     (977)
Net income $ 844    $ 635    $ 3,167    $ 2,612 
                       
Earnings per share                      
Basic $ 1.04    $ 0.76    $ 3.86    $ 3.10 
Diluted $ 1.03    $ 0.76    $ 3.85    $ 3.09 
                       
Weighted-average number of shares                      
Basic   813.0      833.8      819.9      843.1 
Diluted   816.9      837.1      823.5      846.1 
                       

These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements, expressed in Canadian dollars, and prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP), contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary to present fairly Canadian National Railway Company's (the Company) financial position as at December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, and its results of operations, comprehensive income, changes in shareholders' equity and cash flows for the three months and years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013. These consolidated financial statements have been prepared using accounting policies consistent with those used in preparing the Company's 2014 Annual Consolidated Financial Statements and should be read in conjunction with such statements, Notes thereto and Management's Discussion and Analysis (MD&A).

                 
Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income - unaudited
               
                 
          Three months ended     Year ended
          December 31     December 31
In millions   2014      2013      2014      2013 
Net income $ 844    $ 635    $ 3,167    $ 2,612 
Other comprehensive income (loss)                      
Net gain on foreign currency translation   36      22      75      46 
Net change in pension and other postretirement benefit plans   (1,090)     1,602      (995)     1,775 
Amortization of gain on treasury lock           (1)    
Other comprehensive income (loss) before income taxes   (1,054)     1,624      (921)     1,821 
Income tax recovery (expense)   326      (394)     344      (414)
Other comprehensive income (loss)   (728)     1,230      (577)     1,407 
Comprehensive income $ 116    $ 1,865    $ 2,590    $ 4,019 
                             

       
Consolidated Balance Sheet - unaudited
 
       
  December 31   December 31
In millions   2014     2013
           
Assets          
           
Current assets          
     Cash and cash equivalents $ 52   $ 214
     Restricted cash and cash equivalents   463     448
     Accounts receivable   928     815
     Material and supplies   335     274
     Deferred and receivable income taxes   163     137
     Other   125     89
Total current assets   2,066     1,977
               
Properties   28,514     26,227
Pension asset   882     1,662
Intangible and other assets   330     297
Total assets $ 31,792   $ 30,163
           
Liabilities and shareholders' equity          
           
Current liabilities          
     Accounts payable and other $ 1,657   $ 1,477
     Current portion of long-term debt   544     1,021
Total current liabilities   2,201     2,498
               
Deferred income taxes   6,902     6,537
Other liabilities and deferred credits   704     815
Pension and other postretirement benefits   650     541
Long-term debt   7,865     6,819
               
Shareholders' equity          
     Common shares (1)   3,718     3,795
     Additional paid-in capital (1)   439     220
     Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (2,427)     (1,850)
     Retained earnings   11,740     10,788
Total shareholders' equity   13,470     12,953
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $ 31,792   $ 30,163
(1) The Company reclassified certain 2013 balances from Common shares to Additional paid-in capital to
conform with the 2014 presentation.


These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements, expressed in Canadian dollars, and prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary to present fairly the Company's financial position as at December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, and its results of operations, comprehensive income, changes in shareholders' equity and cash flows for the three months and years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013. These consolidated financial statements have been prepared using accounting policies consistent with those used in preparing the Company's 2014 Annual Consolidated Financial Statements and should be read in conjunction with such statements, Notes thereto and MD&A.

     
 Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders' Equity - unaudited    
                           
      Three months ended   Year ended
      December 31   December 31
In millions     2014      2013      2014      2013 
Common shares and additional paid-in capital (1)                        
Balance, beginning of period   $ 3,965    $ 4,036    $ 4,015    $ 4,108 
    Stock-based compensation and other     219          250      40 
    Share repurchase programs     (27)     (26)     (108)     (133)
Balance, end of period   $ 4,157    $ 4,015    $ 4,157    $ 4,015 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss                        
Balance, beginning of period   $ (1,699)   $ (3,080)   $ (1,850)   $ (3,257)
     Other comprehensive income (loss)     (728)     1,230      (577)     1,407 
Balance, end of period   $ (2,427)   $ (1,850)   $ (2,427)   $ (1,850)
Retained earnings                        
Balance, beginning of period   $ 11,481    $ 10,611    $ 10,788    $ 10,167 
    Net income     844      635      3,167      2,612 
    Share repurchase programs     (383)     (279)     (1,397)     (1,267)
    Dividends     (202)     (179)     (818)     (724)
Balance, end of period   $ 11,740    $ 10,788    $ 11,740    $ 10,788
(1) During the three months and year ended December 31, 2014, the Company issued 0.3 million
and 1.2 million common shares, respectively, as a result of stock options exercised, and
repurchased 5.6 million and 22.4 million common shares, respectively, under its share repurchase
programs. At December 31, 2014, the Company had 809.4 million common shares outstanding.
  During the three months and year ended December 31, 2013, the Company issued 0.2 million and
1.4 million common shares, respectively, as a result of stock options exercised, and repurchased
5.5 million and 27.6 million common shares, respectively, under its share repurchase programs.
At December 31, 2013, the Company had 830.6 million common shares outstanding.

       
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows - unaudited
       
  Three months ended   Year ended
  December 31   December 31
In millions   2014        2013        2014        2013 
                         
Operating activities                      
Net income $ 844    $ 635    $ 3,167    $ 2,612 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash                      
   provided by operating activities:                      
     Depreciation and amortization   279      254      1,050      980 
     Deferred income taxes   201      162      416      331 
     Gain on disposal of property           (80)     (69)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                      
     Accounts receivable   14      55      (59)     32 
     Material and supplies   41      46      (51)     (38)
     Accounts payable and other   (196)     (99)         (245)
     Other current assets   (19)     (15)         13 
Pensions and other, net   (29)     60      (67)     (68)
Net cash provided by operating activities   1,135      1,098      4,381      3,548 

Investing activities
                     
Property additions   (947)     (788)     (2,297)     (1,973)
Disposal of property           173      52 
Change in restricted cash and cash equivalents       81      (15)     73 
Other, net   (13)         (37)     (4)
Net cash used in investing activities   (956)     (701)     (2,176)     (1,852)

Financing activities
                     
Issuance of debt   675      867      1,022      1,582 
Repayment of debt   (27)     (413)     (822)     (1,413)
Net issuance (repayment) of commercial paper   (350)     (341)     (277)     268 
Issuance of common shares due to exercise of stock                      
   options and related excess tax benefits realized           30      31 
Repurchase of common shares   (410)     (305)     (1,505)     (1,400)
Dividends paid   (202)     (179)     (818)     (724)
Net cash used in financing activities   (308)     (368)     (2,370)     (1,656)
Effect of foreign exchange fluctuations on US                      
   dollar-denominated cash and cash equivalents               19 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (124)     32      (162)     59 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   176      182      214      155 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 52    $ 214    $ 52    $ 214 
Supplemental cash flow information                      
Net cash receipts from customers and other $ 3,084    $ 2,842    $ 12,029    $ 10,640 
Net cash payments for:                      
    Employee services, suppliers and other expenses   (1,576)     (1,389)     (6,333)     (5,558)
    Interest   (112)     (85)     (409)     (344)
    Personal injury and other claims   (19)     (17)     (57)     (61)
    Pensions   (21)     (18)     (127)     (239)
    Income taxes   (221)     (235)     (722)     (890)
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 1,135    $ 1,098    $ 4,381    $ 3,548 
                       

               
Selected Railroad Statistics - unaudited              
               
    Three months ended
December 31
  Year ended
December 31
  2014  2013    2014    2013 
             
Financial measures            
Key financial performance indicators            
Total revenues ($ millions) 3,207 2,745       12,134   10,575
Rail freight revenues ($ millions) (1) 3,015 2,584   11,455   9,951
Operating income ($ millions) 1,260 967   4,624   3,873
Adjusted diluted earnings per share ($) (2) 1.03 0.76   3.76   3.06
Free cash flow ($ millions) (2) 175 316   2,220   1,623
Gross property additions ($ millions) 947 795   2,297   2,017
Share repurchases ($ millions) 410 305   1,505   1,400
Dividend per share ($) 0.250 0.215   1.00   0.86
             
Financial position            
Total assets ($ millions) 31,792 30,163   31,792   30,163
Total liabilities ($ millions) 18,322 17,210   18,322   17,210
Shareholders' equity ($ millions) 13,470 12,953   13,470   12,953
             
Financial ratio            
Operating ratio (%) 60.7 64.8   61.9   63.4 
             
Operational measures (3)            
Statistical operating data            
Gross ton miles (GTM) (millions) 115,698 103,221   448,765   401,390
Revenue ton miles (RTM) (millions) 59,777 54,667   232,138   210,133
Carloads (thousands) 1,448 1,310   5,625   5,190
Route miles (includes Canada and the U.S.) 19,600 20,000   19,600   20,000
Employees (end of period) 25,530 23,721   25,530   23,721
Employees (average for the period) 25,304 23,703   24,635   23,705
             
Key operating measures            
Rail freight revenue per RTM (cents) (1) 5.04 4.73   4.93   4.74
Rail freight revenue per carload ($) (1) 2,082 1,973   2,036   1,917
GTMs per average number of employees (thousands) 4,572 4,355   18,217   16,933
Operating expenses per GTM (cents) 1.68 1.72   1.67   1.67
Labor and fringe benefits expense per GTM (cents) 0.51 0.58   0.52   0.54
Diesel fuel consumed (US gallons in millions) 113.2 101.7   440.5   403.7
Average fuel price ($ per US gallon) 3.48 3.65   3.72   3.55
GTMs per US gallon of fuel consumed 1,022 1,015   1,019   994
Terminal dwell (hours) 16.9 16.1   16.9   15.8
Train velocity (miles per hour) 26.1 26.1   25.7   26.6
             
Safety indicators            
Injury frequency rate (per 200,000 person hours) (4) 1.55 2.21   1.81   1.69
Accident rate (per million train miles) (4) 2.83 2.31   2.73   2.11
(1) In 2014, certain Other revenues were reclassified to the commodity groups within rail freight
revenues. This change has no impact on the Company's previously reported results of operations
as Total revenues remain unchanged. The 2013 comparative figures have been reclassified in
order to be consistent with the 2014 presentation.
(2) See supplementary schedule entitled Non-GAAP Measures for an explanation of this non-GAAP
measure.
(3) Statistical operating data, key operating measures and safety indicators are based on estimated
data available at such time and are subject to change as more complete information becomes
available, as such, certain of the comparative data have been restated.
Definitions of these indicators are provided on our website, www.cn.ca/glossary.
(4) Based on Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) reporting criteria.


         
Supplementary Information - unaudited
         
    Three months ended December 31   Year ended December 31
    2014  2013  % Change
Fav (Unfav)
  % Change at
constant
currency
Fav (Unfav) (2)
  2014  2013  % Change
Fav (Unfav)
  % Change at
constant
currency
Fav (Unfav) (2)
Revenues (millions of dollars) (1)                        
Petroleum and chemicals   628  521  21%   14%   2,354  1,952  21%   15%
Metals and minerals   418  311  34%   26%   1,484  1,240  20%   14%
Forest products   398  360  11%   4%   1,523  1,424  7%   2%
Coal   172  160  8%   2%   740  713  4%  
Grain and fertilizers   560  476  18%   13%   1,986  1,638  21%   17%
Intermodal   680  621  10%   7%   2,748  2,429  13%   11%
Automotive   159  135  18%   11%   620  555  12%   6%
Total rail freight revenues   3,015  2,584  17%   11%   11,455  9,951  15%   11%
Other revenues   192  161  19%   12%   679  624  9%   4%
Total revenues   3,207  2,745  17%   11%   12,134  10,575  15%   10%
Revenue ton miles (millions)                        
Petroleum and chemicals   13,935  12,206  14%   14%   53,169  44,634  19%   19%
Metals and minerals   6,995  5,320  31%   31%   24,686  21,342  16%   16%
Forest products   7,352  7,313  1%   1%   29,070  29,630  (2%)   (2%)
Coal   4,831  4,973  (3%)   (3%)   21,147  22,315  (5%)   (5%)
Grain and fertilizers   13,824  12,624  10%   10%   51,326  43,180  19%   19%
Intermodal   12,004  11,569  4%   4%   49,581  46,291  7%   7%
Automotive   836  662  26%   26%   3,159  2,741  15%   15%
Total revenue ton miles   59,777  54,667  9%   9%   232,138  210,133  10%   10%
Rail freight revenue / RTM (cents) (1)                        
Petroleum and chemicals   4.51  4.27  6%     4.43  4.37  1%   (3%)
Metals and minerals   5.98  5.85  2%   (4%)   6.01  5.81  3%   (2%)
Forest products   5.41  4.92  10%   4%   5.24  4.81  9%   4%
Coal   3.56  3.22  11%   5%   3.50  3.20  9%   5%
Grain and fertilizers   4.05  3.77  7%   3%   3.87  3.79  2%   (1%)
Intermodal   5.66  5.37  5%   3%   5.54  5.25  6%   3%
Automotive   19.02  20.39  (7%)   (12%)   19.63  20.25  (3%)   (8%)
Total rail freight revenue per RTM   5.04  4.73  7%   2%   4.93  4.74  4%  
Carloads (thousands)                        
Petroleum and chemicals   166  159  4%   4%   655  611  7%   7%
Metals and minerals   294  245  20%   20%   1,063  1,048  1%   1%
Forest products   109  108  1%   1%   433  446  (3%)   (3%)
Coal   127  100  27%   27%   519  416  25%   25%
Grain and fertilizers   175  171  2%   2%   640  572  12%   12%
Intermodal   519  473  10%   10%   2,086  1,875  11%   11%
Automotive   58  54  7%   7%   229  222  3%   3%
Total carloads   1,448  1,310  11%   11%   5,625  5,190  8%   8%
Rail freight revenue / carload (dollars) (1)                        
Petroleum and chemicals   3,783  3,277  15%   10%   3,594  3,195  12%   7%
Metals and minerals   1,422  1,269  12%   5%   1,396  1,183  18%   12%
Forest products   3,651  3,333  10%   3%   3,517  3,193  10%   5%
Coal   1,354  1,600  (15%)   (20%)   1,426  1,714  (17%)   (20%)
Grain and fertilizers   3,200  2,784  15%   10%   3,103  2,864  8%   5%
Intermodal   1,310  1,313    (3%)   1,317  1,295  2%  
Automotive   2,741  2,500  10%   3%   2,707  2,500  8%   3%
Total rail freight revenue per carload   2,082  1,973  6%   1%   2,036  1,917  6%   2%
Statistical operating data and related key operating measures are based on estimated data available at such time and are subject to change
as more complete information becomes available.
(1) In 2014, certain Other revenues were reclassified to the commodity groups within rail freight revenues. This change has no impact on
the Company's previously reported results of operations as Total revenues remain unchanged. The 2013 comparative figures have been
reclassified in order to be consistent with the 2014 presentation.
(2) See supplementary schedule entitled Non-GAAP Measures for an explanation of this non-GAAP measure.


Non-GAAP Measures

Adjusted performance measures
Management believes that adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per share are useful measures of performance that can facilitate period-to-period comparisons, as they exclude items that do not necessarily arise as part of the normal day-to-day operations of the Company and could distort the analysis of trends in business performance. The exclusion of such items in adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per share does not, however, imply that such items are necessarily non-recurring. These adjusted measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. The reader is advised to read all information provided in the Company's 2014 Annual Consolidated Financial Statements, Notes thereto and Management's Discussion and Analysis (MD&A).

For the three months and year ended December 31, 2014, the Company reported adjusted net income of $844 million, or $1.03 per diluted share and $3,095 million, or $3.76 per diluted share, respectively. The adjusted figures for the year ended December 31, 2014 exclude a gain on disposal of the Deux-Montagnes subdivision, including the Mont-Royal tunnel, together with the rail fixtures, of $80 million, or $72 million after-tax ($0.09 per diluted share).

For the three months and year ended December 31, 2013, the Company reported adjusted net income of $635 million, or $0.76 per diluted share and $2,582 million, or $3.06 per diluted share, respectively. The adjusted figures for the year ended December 31, 2013 exclude a gain on exchange of perpetual railroad operating easements including the track and roadway assets on specific rail lines, of $29 million, or $18 million after-tax ($0.02 per diluted share) and a gain on disposal of a segment of the Oakville subdivision, together with the rail fixtures and certain passenger agreements, of $40 million, or $36 million after-tax ($0.04 per diluted share). The adjusted figures also exclude a $24 million ($0.03 per diluted share) income tax expense resulting from the enactment of higher provincial corporate income tax rates.

The following table provides a reconciliation of net income and earnings per share, as reported for the three months and years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, to the adjusted performance measures presented herein.

    Three months ended December 31   Year ended December 31
In millions, except per share data   2014    2013      2014    2013 
Net income as reported $ 844  $ 635    $ 3,167  $ 2,612 
Adjustments:                  
  Other income         (80)   (69)
  Income tax expense           39 
Adjusted net income $ 844  $ 635    $ 3,095  $ 2,582 
Basic earnings per share as reported $ 1.04  $ 0.76    $ 3.86  $ 3.10 
Less: Other income, including tax impact, per share         (0.09)   (0.03)
Adjusted basic earnings per share $ 1.04  $ 0.76    $ 3.77  $ 3.07 
Diluted earnings per share as reported $ 1.03  $ 0.76    $ 3.85  $ 3.09 
Less: Other income, including tax impact, per share         (0.09)   (0.03)
Adjusted diluted earnings per share $ 1.03  $ 0.76    $ 3.76  $ 3.06 

Constant currency
Financial results at constant currency allow results to be viewed without the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, thereby facilitating period-to-period comparisons in the analysis of trends in business performance. Measures at constant currency are considered non-GAAP measures and do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. Financial results at constant currency are obtained by translating the current period results denominated in US dollars at the foreign exchange rates of the comparable period of the prior year. The average foreign exchange rates were $1.14 and $1.10 per US$1.00, respectively, for the three months and year ended December 31, 2014, and $1.05 and $1.03 per US$1.00, respectively, for the corresponding periods in 2013.

On a constant currency basis, the Company's net income for the three months and year ended December 31, 2014 would have been lower by $45 million, or $0.06 per diluted share and $121 million, or $0.15 per diluted share, respectively.

Free cash flow
Free cash flow does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. The Company believes that free cash flow is a useful measure of performance as it demonstrates the Company's ability to generate cash for debt obligations and for discretionary uses such as payment of dividends and strategic opportunities.

The Company defines its free cash flow measure as the difference between net cash provided by operating activities and net cash used in investing activities; adjusted for changes in restricted cash and cash equivalents and the impact of major acquisitions, if any.

  Three months ended December 31   Year ended December 31
In millions   2014    2013      2014    2013 
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 1,135  $ 1,098    $ 4,381  $ 3,548 
Net cash used in investing activities   (956)   (701)     (2,176)   (1,852)
Net cash provided before financing activities   179    397      2,205    1,696 
                   
Adjustment: Change in restricted cash and cash equivalents   (4)   (81)     15    (73)
Free cash flow $ 175  $ 316    $ 2,220  $ 1,623 

 

 

 

 

SOURCE CN

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